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Bhakra Nangal Dam – History, Specifications, Location, Uses

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  • Last Updated : 27 Jun, 2022
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The Bhakra-Nangal Dam is the second tallest dam in Asia and situated in the line of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. It is the most noteworthy straight gravity dam in India with the level of around 207.26 meters and it stumbles into 168.35 km. It was the main dam in Asia to have an ability to deliver 1500 MW of force back in 2013.

Specifications of Dam

  • Bhakra Nangal Dam has a length of 518.25(1,700 ft.) meters and a width of 9.1 meters (30ft) roughly.
  • On October 22, 2013, the public authority of India supported the arrival of a stamp to check the 50th commemoration of the dam as it was the main dam that could deliver 1500 MW power during that time.

History of Bhakra Nangal Dam

The Bhakra-Nangal dam is one of the earliest waterway valley advancement plans attempted after the autonomy of India. The venture was endorsed by then Punjab Revenue Minister Sir Chhotu Ram in November 1944 with the lord of Bilaspur and was settled on January 8, 1945

The development of the multipurpose dam was at first begun in 1984 by the then Lieutenant Governor of Punjab, Sir Louis Dane. Be that as it may, it got postponed and it was continued after autonomy under the central Architect Rai Bahadur Kunwar Sen Gupta. The dam was finished in 1963, and it was devoted to the country by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Uses of the Dam

  • It is essential used for irrigation and storing rainwater. States like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh receive irrigational water from it.
  • It is also used to provide electricity and has 10 hydroelectricity on each side.
  • It is also one of the major touristy site. Water sports at Gobind lake, visit to Naina Devi temple and nearby wildlife sanctuary are few examples.

Sample Questions

Question 1: Why was the dam built?

Answer:

It was built to prevent floods in river Sutlej -Beas and to provide irrigation and electricity to adjoining states.

Question 2: What if the dam is broken?

Answer:

The aftermath will be enormous. Estimates says around 1500 villages will be affected and food production will be halted for months. The loss of life and livestock would be enormous.

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