Area of a Circle
Area of a circle is the space occupied by the circle in a twodimensional plane. Area of any figure is the space inside its boundaries. Area of a circle can easily be determined using a formula, A = Ď€r^{2}, where r is the radius of the circle. Area of a circle is measured in square units, like m^{2}, cm^{2}, etc.
Let’s learn more about the area of the circle its formulas, derivation of formula, and other in this article.
What is Area of a Circle?
Area of a circle is defined as the space covered by the boundary of the circle. It is measured in square units. Area of the circle is measured using the radius of the circle. It is equal to Ď€ times the radius squared.
Area of the circle is calculated using the formula,
Area of Circle = Ď€r^{2}
Area of Circle = Ď€d^{2 }/ 4
where,
r is radius
d is diameter
Ď€ = 22/7 or 3.14
Area of the circle formula is useful for measuring areas of circular fields or plots. It is also useful to measure the area covered by circular furniture and other circular objects.
What is a Circle?
Circle is a collection of points that are at a fixed distance from a particular point. Every line passing through the circle forms the line of reflection symmetry. In addition to this, it has rotational symmetry around the center for every angle. Some examples of circles are wheels, pizzas, circular ground, etc. The distance from the center to the circle is known as the radius.
Parts of a Circle
Circle is a closed curve in which all the points are equidistant from one fixed point i.e. centre. Examples of circles as seen in everyday life are clocks, wheels, pizzas, etc. Various terms related to the circle are discussed below:
Radius: The distance of a point from the boundary of the circle to its centre is termed its radius. Radius is represented by the letter ‘r‘ or ‘R‘. The area and circumference of a circle are directly dependent on its area.
Diameter: Longest chord of a circle that passes through its centre is termed its diameter. It is always twice its radius.
Diameter formula: The formula for the diameter of a circle is Diameter = 2 Ă— Radius
d = 2Ă—r or D = 2Ă—R
also, conversely, the radius can be calculated as:
r = d/2 or R = D/2
Circumference: The circumference of the circle is the total length of its boundary i.e. perimeter of a circle is termed its circumference. The Circumference of a circle is given by the formula C = 2Ď€r.
Area of Circle Formulas
The formula for finding an area of a circle is directly proportional to the square of its radius. It can also be found out if the diameter or circumference of a circle is given. Area of a circle is calculated by multiplying the square of the radius by Ď€. Formulas for finding the area of a circle are
 Area = Ď€r^{2}
 Area = (Ď€/4) Ă— d^{2}
 Area = C^{2}/4Ď€
where,
Ď€ is the constant with a value of 3.14 (approx),
r is the radius of circle,
d is the diameter of circle,
C is the circumference of circle.
Area of Circle using Radius
Area = Ď€r^{2}
where,
r is the radius and Ď€ is the constant value
Example: If the length of the radius of a circle is 3 units. Calculate its area.
Solution:
We know that radius r = 3 units
So by using the formula: Area = Ď€r^{2}
r = 3, Ď€ = 3.14
Area = 3.14 Ă— 3 Ă— 3 = 28.26
Therefore, the area of the circle is 28.26 units^{2}
Area of Circle using Diameter
The diameter of a circle is double the length of the radius of the circle, i.e. 2r. The area of the circle can also be found using its diameter
Area = (Ď€/4) Ă— d^{2 }
where,
d is the diameter of the circle.
Example: If the length of the diameter of a circle is 8 units. Calculate its area.
Solution:
We know that diameter = 8 units
so by using the formulas: Area = (Ď€/4) Ă— d^{2 }
d = 8, Ď€ = 3.14
Area = (3.14 /4) Ă— 8 Ă— 8
= 50.24 unit ^{2}Thus, the area of the circle is 50.24 units^{2}
Area of a Circle using Circumference
The circumference is defined as the length of the complete arc of a circle.
Area = C^{2}/4Ď€
where,
C is the circumference
Example: If the circumference of the circle is 4 units. Calculate its area.
Solution:
We know that circumference of the circle = 4 units (given)
so by using the above formulae:
C = 4, Ď€ = 3.14
Area = 4 Ă— 4 / (4 Ă— 3.14)
= 1.273 unit^{2}Therefore, the area of the circle is 1.273 unit^{2}
Derivation of Area of a Circle
Area of a circle can be visualized & proved using two methods, namely
 Circleâ€™s Area Using Rectangles
 Circleâ€™s Area Using Triangles
Circleâ€™s Area Using Rectangles
Area of the Circle is derived by the method discussed below. For finding the area of a circle the diagram given below is used,
After studying the above figure carefully, we split the circle into smaller parts and arranged them in such a way that they form a parallelogram. If the circle is divided into small and smaller parts, at last, it takes the shape of a rectangle.
Area of Rectangle = length Ă— breadth
Comparing the length of a rectangle and the circumference of a circle we can see that the length is = Â˝ the circumference of a circle
Length of a rectangle = Â˝ Ă— 2Ď€r = Ď€r
Breadth of a rectangle = radius of a circle = r
Area of circle = Area of rectangle = Ď€r Ă— r = Ď€r^{2}
Area of the circle = Ď€r^{2}
where
r is the radius of the circle.
Circleâ€™s Area Using Triangles
The area of the circle can easily be calculated by using the area of triangle. For finding the area of the circle using the area of the triangle consider the following experiment. Take a circle with a radius of r and fill the circle with concentric circles till no space is left inside the circle.
Now cut open each concentric circle and arrange them in a triangular shape such that the shortest length circle is placed at the top and the length is increased gradually.
The figure so obtained is a triangle with base 2Ď€r and height r as shown in the figure given below,
Thus the area of the circle is given as,
A = 1/2 Ă— base Ă— height
A = 1/2 Ă— (2Ď€r) Ă— r
A = Ď€r^{2}
How to Find the Area of the Circle?
Various steps required to find the area of the circle are given below:
Step 1: Mark the radius of the circle.
Step 2: Put the value of the radius in the formula A = Ď€r^{2}, where r is the radius and Ď€ is the constant with a value of 3.14 (approx)
Step 3: Obtained the answer in step 2 is the required area of the circle. It is measured in square units.
If the diameter of a circle is given, it is first changed to radius using the relation Diameter = Radius / 2
Area of a Sector of a Circle
Area of a sector of a circle is the space occupied inside a sector of a circleâ€™s border. A semicircle is likewise a sector of a circle, where a circle has two equalsized sectors. Area of a sector of a circle formula is given below:
A = (Î¸/360Â°) Ă— Ď€r^{2}
where,
Î¸ is the sector angle subtended by the arcs at the center (in degrees),
r is the radius of the circle.
Area of Quadrant of a circle
A quadrant of a circle is the fourth part of a circle. It is the sector of a circle with an angle of 90Â°. So its area is given by the above formula
A = (Î¸/360Â°) Ă— Ď€r^{2}
Area of Quadrant = (90Â°/360Â°) Ă— Ď€r^{2}
= Ď€r^{2} / 4
Differences Between Area and Circumference of a Circle
The basic difference between the area and the circumference of the circle is discussed in the table below,
Circumference (C) 
Area (A) 


Definition  The length of the boundary of the circle is called the circumference of the circle.  The total space occupied by the boundary of the circle is called the area of the circle. 
Formula  C = 2Ď€r  A = Ď€r^{2} 
Units  Circumference is measured in m, cm, etc.  Area is measured in m^{2}, cm^{2} 
Radius Dependence  Radius is directly proportional to the circumference of the circle.  Area is directly proportional to the square of the radius of the circle. 
Diameter Dependence  Diameter is directly proportional to the circumference of the circle.  Area is directly proportional to the square of the diameter of the circle. 
RealWorld Examples on Area of Circle
We came across various examples which resemble circular shapes in our daily life. Some of the most common examples of the reallife circular things which we observe in our daily life are shown in the image below,
Read More,
Solved Examples on Area of Circle
Example 1: A large rope is in a circular shape. Its radius is 5 units. What is its area?
Solution:
A large rope is in circular shape means it is similar to circle, so we can use circle formulae to calculate the area of the large rope.
given, r = 5 units, Ď€ = 3.14
Area = 3.14 Ă— 5 Ă— 5
= 78.50 unit^{2}Thus, the area of the circle is 78.50 units^{2}
Example 2: If the rope is in a circular shape and its diameter is 4 units. Calculate its area.
Solution:
We know that rope is in circular shape, and its diameter = 4 units
Ď€ = 3.14Area = (3.14 /4) Ă— 4 Ă— 4
= 12.56 units^{2}Therefore, the area of the rope is 12.56 units^{2}
Example 3: If the circumference of the circle is 8 units. Calculate its area.
Solution:
Circumference of the circle = 8 units (given)
Ď€ = 3.14
Area = 8 Ă— 8 / (4 Ă— 3.14)
= 5.09 units^{2}Therefore, the area of the circle is 5.09 units^{2}
Example 4: Find the circumference and the area of the circle if the radius is 21 cm.
Solution:
Radius, r = 21 cm
Circumferencer of the circle = 2Ď€r cm.
Now, substituting the value, we get
C = 2 Ă— (22/7)Ă— 21
C = 2Ă—22Ă—3
C = 132 cmThus, circumference of the circle is 132 cm.
Now, area of the circle = Ď€r^{2} cm^{2}
A = (22/7) Ă— 21 Ă— 21
A = 22 Ă— 63
A = 1386 cm^{2}Thus, area of the circle is 1386 cm^{2}
Example 5: Find the area of the quadrant of a circle if its radius is 14 cm.
Solution:
Given r = 14 cm, Ď€ = 22 / 7
Area of quadrant = Ď€r^{2} / 4
= 22 / 7 Ă— 14^{2 }Ă— 1/4
= 154 cm^{2}Thus, the required area of quadrant = 154 cm^{2}
Example 6: Find the area of the sector of a circle that subtends 60Â° angle at the center, and its radius is 14 cm.
Solution:
Given r = 14 cm, Ď€ = 22 / 7
Area of sector = (Î¸/360Â°) Ă— Ď€r^{2}
= (60Â° / 360Â°) Ă— 22 / 7 Ă— 14^{2}
= 102.67 cm^{2}Thus, the required area of quadrant = 102.67 cm^{2}
FAQs on Area of Circle
Q1: Write the formula for the circumference of a circle.
Answer:
Circumference of circle is the boundary of the circle. Circumference can be calculated by multiplying the radius of circle with twice Ď€. i.e. Circuference = 2Ď€r.
Q2: How to find the area of circle?
Answer:
Area of a circle can be determined by using the formulas:
 Area = Ď€ x r^{2}, where, r is radius of circle
 Area = (Ď€/4) x d^{2},where, d is diameter of circle
 Area = C^{2}/4Ď€, where, C is circumference of circle
Q3: What is meant by the area of the circle? Also, find the formula for it.
Answer:
Area of circle is the space occupied by circle in the twodimensional space. The formula for it is Area = Ď€ x r^{2}
Q4: What is Area of a Circle when the Diameter is given?
Answer:
Diameter of the circle is twice the radius of the circle.The formula of the area of the circle, using the diameter of the circle is Ď€/4 Ă— diameter^{2}.
Q5: What is Area of circle when the circumference is given?
Answer:
When circumference of the circle is given then its area is calculated easily using the formula,
Area = C^{2}/4Ď€
where,
C is the circumference of the circle
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