Android Jetpack Compose – Create Dynamic WebView using Firebase Realtime Database
Converting a website into an application seems like a basic task to do on Android. With the help of WebView, we can show any webpage in our Android Application. We just have to implement the widget of WebView and add the URL inside the WebView that we have to load. So if you are looking for loading a website into your app which can be changed dynamically without reformatting the code then this will become easier to update our WebView application dynamically according to our requirements. So in this article, we will take a look at implementing dynamic WebView in our application using Firebase in Android using Jetpack Compose. A sample video is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article.
Step by Step Implementation
Step 1: Create a New Project in Android Studio
To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. While choosing the template, select Empty Compose Activity. If you do not find this template, try upgrading the Android Studio to the latest version. We demonstrated the application in Kotlin, so make sure you select Kotlin as the primary language while creating a New Project.
Step 2: Adding a new color in the Color.kt file
Navigate to app > java > your app’s package name > ui.theme > Color.kt file and add the below code to it.
Step 3: Connect your app to Firebase
After creating a new project, navigate to the Tools option on the top bar. Inside that click on Firebase. After clicking on Firebase, you can get to see the right column mentioned below in the screenshot.
Inside that column Navigate to Firebase Realtime Database. Click on that option and you will get to see two options Connect the app to Firebase and Add Firebase Realtime Database to your app. Click on Connect now and your app will be connected to Firebase. After that click on the second option and now your App is connected to Firebase.
After completing this process you will get to see the below screen.
Now verify whether your app is connected to Firebase or not. Go to your build.gradle file. Navigate to the app > Gradle Scripts > build.gradle file and make sure that the below dependency is added in your dependencies section.
implementation platform('com.google.firebase:firebase-bom:30.3.2') implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-database-ktx'
If the above dependency is not added to your dependencies section. Add this dependency and sync your project.
Step 4: Add internet permission to your AndroidManifest.xml file
Add the permission for the internet in the AndroidManifest.xml file.
Step 5: Working with the MainActivity.kt file
Go to the MainActivity.kt file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.kt file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.
After adding this code to your app. Now go to Firebase and click on Go to console option which is in the top right corner.
After clicking on this screen you will get to see the below screen with your all project inside that select your project.
Inside that screen click n Realtime Database in the left window.
After clicking on this option you will get to see the screen on the right side. On this page click on the Rules option which is present in the top bar. You will get to see the below screen.
In this project, we are adding our rules as true for reading as well as a write because we are not using any authentication to verify our user. So we are currently setting it to true to test our application. After changing your rules. Click on the publish button at the top right corner and your rules will be saved there. Now again come back to the Data tab. Now we will be adding our data to Firebase manually from Firebase itself. Now again come back to the Data tab. Now we will be adding our data to Firebase manually from Firebase itself.
Step 6: Adding URL for your Web Page in Firebase Console
Inside Firebase Realtime Database. Navigate to the Data tab. Inside this tab Hover on the database section inside click on the “+” icon. After clicking on the “+” icon you will get to see two input fields which are the Name and Value fields. Inside the Name field, you have to add the reference for your web page which in our case is “url”. And in our value field, we have to add a URL for our web page. After adding the value in this field. Click on Add button and your data will be added to Firebase Console. After adding the URL for your video. Now run your app and see the output of the app below.
You can change the URL of your web page dynamically from the database and the web view will be updated inside the application in real-time.
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