# All possible binary numbers of length n with equal sum in both halves

Given a number n, we need to print all n-digit binary numbers with equal sum in left and right halves. If n is odd, then mid element can be either 0 or 1.**Examples:**

Input : n = 4 Output : 0000 0101 0110 1001 1010 1111 Input : n = 5 Output : 00000 00100 01001 01101 01010 01110 10001 10101 10010 10110 11011 11111

The idea is to recursively build left and right halves and keep track of difference between counts of 1s in them. We print a string when difference becomes 0 and there are no more characters to add.

## C++

`// C++ program to generate all binary strings with` `// equal sums in left and right halves.` `#include <bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `/* Default values are used only in initial call.` ` ` `n is number of bits remaining to be filled` ` ` `di is current difference between sums of` ` ` `left and right halves.` ` ` `left and right are current half substrings. */` `void` `equal(` `int` `n, string left=` `""` `, string right=` `""` `,` ` ` `int` `di=0)` `{` ` ` `// TWO BASE CASES` ` ` `// If there are no more characters to add (n is 0)` ` ` `if` `(n == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference between counts of 1s and` ` ` `// 0s is 0 (di is 0)` ` ` `if` `(di == 0)` ` ` `cout << left + right << ` `" "` `;` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `/* If 1 remains than string length was odd */` ` ` `if` `(n == 1)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference is 0, we can put remaining` ` ` `// bit in middle.` ` ` `if` `(di == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `cout << left + ` `"0"` `+ right << ` `" "` `;` ` ` `cout << left + ` `"1"` `+ right << ` `" "` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `/* If difference is more than what can be` ` ` `be covered with remaining n digits` ` ` `(Note that lengths of left and right` ` ` `must be same) */` ` ` `if` `((2 * ` `abs` `(di) <= n))` ` ` `{ ` ` ` ` ` `/* add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `half. Sum in both half will not` ` ` `change*/` ` ` `equal(n-2, left+` `"0"` `, right+` `"0"` `, di);` ` ` `/* add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `half* subtract 1 from di as right` ` ` `sum is increased by 1*/` ` ` `equal(n-2, left+` `"0"` `, right+` `"1"` `, di-1);` ` ` `/* add 1 in end in left half and 0 to the` ` ` `right half. Add 1 to di as left sum is` ` ` `increased by 1*/` ` ` `equal(n-2, left+` `"1"` `, right+` `"0"` `, di+1);` ` ` `/* add 1 in end to both left and right` ` ` `half the sum will not change*/` ` ` `equal(n-2, left+` `"1"` `, right+` `"1"` `, di);` ` ` `}` `}` `/* driver function */` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `int` `n = 5; ` `// n-bits` ` ` `equal(n);` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// Java program to generate all binary strings ` `// with equal sums in left and right halves.` `import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG` `{` `// Default values are used only in initial call.` `// n is number of bits remaining to be filled` `// di is current difference between sums of` `// left and right halves.` `// left and right are current half substrings. ` `static` `void` `equal(` `int` `n, String left, ` ` ` `String right, ` `int` `di)` `{` ` ` `// TWO BASE CASES` ` ` `// If there are no more characters to add (n is 0)` ` ` `if` `(n == ` `0` `)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference between counts of 1s and` ` ` `// 0s is 0 (di is 0)` ` ` `if` `(di == ` `0` `)` ` ` `System.out.print(left + right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `/* If 1 remains than string length was odd */` ` ` `if` `(n == ` `1` `)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference is 0, we can put ` ` ` `// remaining bit in middle.` ` ` `if` `(di == ` `0` `)` ` ` `{` ` ` `System.out.print(left + ` `"0"` `+ right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `System.out.print(left + ` `"1"` `+ right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `/* If difference is more than what can be` ` ` `be covered with remaining n digits` ` ` `(Note that lengths of left and right` ` ` `must be same) */` ` ` `if` `((` `2` `* Math.abs(di) <= n))` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `// half. Sum in both half will not` ` ` `// change` ` ` `equal(n - ` `2` `, left + ` `"0"` `, right + ` `"0"` `, di);` ` ` `// add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `// half* subtract 1 from di as right` ` ` `// sum is increased by 1` ` ` `equal(n - ` `2` `, left + ` `"0"` `, right + ` `"1"` `, di - ` `1` `);` ` ` ` ` `// add 1 in end in left half and 0 to the` ` ` `// right half. Add 1 to di as left sum is` ` ` `// increased by 1*` ` ` `equal(n - ` `2` `, left + ` `"1"` `, right + ` `"0"` `, di + ` `1` `);` ` ` `// add 1 in end to both left and right` ` ` `// half the sum will not change` ` ` `equal(n - ` `2` `, left + ` `"1"` `, right + ` `"1"` `, di);` ` ` `}` `}` `// Driver Code` `public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])` `{` ` ` `int` `n = ` `5` `; ` ` ` ` ` `// n-bits` ` ` `equal(n, ` `""` `, ` `""` `, ` `0` `);` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed ` `// by SURENDRA_GANGWAR` |

## Python3

`# Python program to generate all binary strings with` `# equal sums in left and right halves.` `# Default values are used only in initial call.` `# n is number of bits remaining to be filled` `# di is current difference between sums of` `# left and right halves.` `# left and right are current half substrings.` `def` `equal(n: ` `int` `, left ` `=` `"` `", right = "` `", di ` `=` `0` `):` ` ` `# TWO BASE CASES` ` ` `# If there are no more characters to add (n is 0)` ` ` `if` `n ` `=` `=` `0` `:` ` ` `# If difference between counts of 1s and` ` ` `# 0s is 0 (di is 0)` ` ` `if` `di ` `=` `=` `0` `:` ` ` `print` `(left ` `+` `right, end ` `=` `" "` `)` ` ` `return` ` ` `# If 1 remains than string length was odd` ` ` `if` `n ` `=` `=` `1` `:` ` ` `# If difference is 0, we can put remaining` ` ` `# bit in middle.` ` ` `if` `di ` `=` `=` `0` `:` ` ` `print` `(left ` `+` `"0"` `+` `right, end ` `=` `" "` `)` ` ` `print` `(left ` `+` `"1"` `+` `right, end ` `=` `" "` `)` ` ` `return` ` ` `# If difference is more than what can be` ` ` `# be covered with remaining n digits` ` ` `# (Note that lengths of left and right` ` ` `# must be same)` ` ` `if` `2` `*` `abs` `(di) <` `=` `n:` ` ` ` ` `# add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `# half. Sum in both half will not` ` ` `# change` ` ` `equal(n ` `-` `2` `, left ` `+` `"0"` `, right ` `+` `"0"` `, di)` ` ` `# add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `# half* subtract 1 from di as right` ` ` `# sum is increased by 1` ` ` `equal(n ` `-` `2` `, left ` `+` `"0"` `, right ` `+` `"1"` `, di ` `-` `1` `)` ` ` `# add 1 in end in left half and 0 to the` ` ` `# right half. Add 1 to di as left sum is` ` ` `# increased by 1` ` ` `equal(n ` `-` `2` `, left ` `+` `"1"` `, right ` `+` `"0"` `, di ` `+` `1` `)` ` ` `# add 1 in end to both left and right` ` ` `# half the sum will not change` ` ` `equal(n ` `-` `2` `, left ` `+` `"1"` `, right ` `+` `"1"` `, di)` `# Driver Code` `if` `__name__ ` `=` `=` `"__main__"` `:` ` ` `n ` `=` `5` `# n-bits` ` ` `equal(` `5` `)` `# This code is contributed by` `# sanjeev2552` |

## C#

`// C# program to generate all binary strings ` `// with equal sums in left and right halves.` `using` `System;` `class` `GFG` `{` `// Default values are used only in initial call.` `// n is number of bits remaining to be filled` `// di is current difference between sums of` `// left and right halves.` `// left and right are current half substrings. ` `static` `void` `equal(` `int` `n, String left, ` ` ` `String right, ` `int` `di)` `{` ` ` `// TWO BASE CASES` ` ` `// If there are no more characters` ` ` `// to add (n is 0)` ` ` `if` `(n == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference between counts of 1s ` ` ` `// and 0s is 0 (di is 0)` ` ` `if` `(di == 0)` ` ` `Console.Write(left + right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `/* If 1 remains than string length was odd */` ` ` `if` `(n == 1)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference is 0, we can put ` ` ` `// remaining bit in middle.` ` ` `if` `(di == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `Console.Write(left + ` `"0"` `+ ` ` ` `right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `Console.Write(left + ` `"1"` `+ ` ` ` `right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` `/* If difference is more than what can be` ` ` `be covered with remaining n digits` ` ` `(Note that lengths of left and right` ` ` `must be same) */` ` ` `if` `((2 * Math.Abs(di) <= n))` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `// half. Sum in both half will not` ` ` `// change` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"0"` `, right + ` `"0"` `, di);` ` ` `// add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `// half* subtract 1 from di as right` ` ` `// sum is increased by 1` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"0"` `, ` ` ` `right + ` `"1"` `, di - 1);` ` ` ` ` `// add 1 in end in left half and 0 to the` ` ` `// right half. Add 1 to di as left sum is` ` ` `// increased by 1*` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"1"` `, ` ` ` `right + ` `"0"` `, di + 1);` ` ` `// add 1 in end to both left and right` ` ` `// half the sum will not change` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"1"` `, right + ` `"1"` `, di);` ` ` `}` `}` `// Driver Code` `public` `static` `void` `Main(String []args)` `{` ` ` `int` `n = 5; ` ` ` ` ` `// n-bits` ` ` `equal(n, ` `""` `, ` `""` `, 0);` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar` |

## Javascript

`<script>` `// JavaScript program to generate all binary strings ` `// with equal sums in left and right halves.` `// Default values are used only in initial call.` `// n is number of bits remaining to be filled` `// di is current difference between sums of` `// left and right halves.` `// left and right are current half substrings. ` `function` `equal(n,left,right,di)` `{` ` ` `// TWO BASE CASES` ` ` `// If there are no more characters to add (n is 0)` ` ` `if` `(n == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference between counts of 1s and` ` ` `// 0s is 0 (di is 0)` ` ` `if` `(di == 0)` ` ` `document.write(left + right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `/* If 1 remains than string length was odd */` ` ` `if` `(n == 1)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// If difference is 0, we can put ` ` ` `// remaining bit in middle.` ` ` `if` `(di == 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `document.write(left + ` `"0"` `+ right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `document.write(left + ` `"1"` `+ right + ` `" "` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `;` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `/* If difference is more than what can be` ` ` `be covered with remaining n digits` ` ` `(Note that lengths of left and right` ` ` `must be same) */` ` ` `if` `((2 * Math.abs(di) <= n))` ` ` `{` ` ` ` ` `// add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `// half. Sum in both half will not` ` ` `// change` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"0"` `, right + ` `"0"` `, di);` ` ` ` ` `// add 0 to end in both left and right` ` ` `// half* subtract 1 from di as right` ` ` `// sum is increased by 1` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"0"` `, right + ` `"1"` `, di - 1);` ` ` ` ` ` ` `// add 1 in end in left half and 0 to the` ` ` `// right half. Add 1 to di as left sum is` ` ` `// increased by 1*` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"1"` `, right + ` `"0"` `, di + 1);` ` ` ` ` `// add 1 in end to both left and right` ` ` `// half the sum will not change` ` ` `equal(n - 2, left + ` `"1"` `, right + ` `"1"` `, di);` ` ` `}` `}` `// Driver Code` `let n = 5; ` `// n-bits` `equal(n, ` `""` `, ` `""` `, 0);` `// This code is contributed by rag2127` `</script>` |

**Output:**

10001 10101 10010 10110 11011 11111

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